Trauma is a unique individual experience of an event or enduring conditions that are disturbing or non-nurturing, in which a person's ability to integrate his/her emotional experience is overwhelmed, or they experience a threat to life, bodily integrity or sanity. A traumatic event or experience can have a long lasting psychological impact on the individual, resulting in the loss of functions, such as maintaining a job or relationships.

It is important to recognise that the mind's inability to integrate traumatic experiences when there was not enough emotional and other support available is a natural and necessary response, a coping mechanism, to a situation that could not be changed and/or avoided. Trying to survive those experiences and not knowing consciously just how traumatising they were is therefore an appropriate response at the time, as it enables the sufferer to survive.
 
However, the coping mechanism that was developed in response to trauma, often becomes a problem in living a functioning, wholehearted life, as the feelings, thoughts and bodily responses to the trauma are still needing the attention and healing that wasn't possible or available at the time. Treating trauma involves becoming more concious of the traumatic experiences, and being able to accurately name and make sense of how they affected the trauma survivor at the time and continue to impact on their life now. Therapy helps the trauma survivor change the beliefs that they internalised from the traumatic experience(s), learn to self-regulate and discover new coping mechanisms.

I treat the following types of trauma:

> Single-incident trauma
> Relational trauma
> Complex trauma
> Transgenerational trauma


Understanding Trauma

symptoms of trauma

Symptoms of trauma can include:
> Addiction
> Anxiety Disorder
> Depression
> Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
> Personality and Mood Disorders
> Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
> Eating Disorders
> Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)
> Compulsive Sexual Behaviour Disorder (CSBD)



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